ASSOCIATION OF PLASMA LEPTIN WITH CORONARY ARTERY CALCIUM (CAC) IN ADULTS

Plasma Leptin And Coronary Artery Calcium

  • Dr Aysha Habib Khan Department of Pathology & Laboratory, Aga Khan University, Karachi Pakistan
  • Sheharbano Imran Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Zainab Hussain Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Lena Jafri Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hafsa Majid Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Zaffar Sajjad Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi Pakistan
Keywords: BMI, Leptin, Obesity, Waist circumference

Abstract

Objective: To determine the correlation between leptin and CAC in scores subjects without cardiovascular
disease (CVD) risk.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Aga Khan University Hospital, from Mar 2014 to Jun 2015.
Material and Methods: Total 128 subjects were included. The study was approved by ethical review committee.
After informed consent a predesigned questionnaire was documented. Subjects without known cardiac disease
history, coming for non-contrast CT scan for abdominal indications were included. Leptin levels were measured
by Enzyme immunoassay. CAC scores were assessed on a 64 slice non-contrast CT scan. Data analyzed by SPSS
version 20.
Results: Total 128 subjects were included with mean age 42.82 ± 13.1 years and 78.1% (n=100) were males. Mean
BMI and waist circumference was 27.1 ± 5.4 kg/m2 and 94.8 ± 9.0cm respectively. High median leptin levels were
seen in 11.7% (n=15) of study subjects. Leptin levels were also significantly higher in female compared to male
[12.5ng/ml (0.3-60.9) vs. 2.5ng/ml (0.1-50); p-value=0.001]. High CAC score was present in 15% (n=19) of study
subjects.
Statistically significant correlation of leptin was found with waist circumference, (r 0.50; p=0.001), positive
correlation with BMI (r 0.51, p<0.05) with higher levels noted in obese subjects compared to overweight and
normal BMI subjects [median 7.5ng/ml (0.3-60.9) vs. 3.3ng/ml (0.1-40) & 0.1 ng/ml (0.1-0.1)]; No correlation was
found between CAC score and serum leptin levels (r 0.073; p=0.41).
Conclusions: Leptin levels are not correlated with CAC scores in subjects with low CVD risk. However, leptin
was significantly higher in females and subjects with increased waist circumference.

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Published
2018-02-28
How to Cite
Khan, D. A., Imran, S., Hussain, Z., Jafri, L., Majid, H., & Sajjad, Z. (2018). ASSOCIATION OF PLASMA LEPTIN WITH CORONARY ARTERY CALCIUM (CAC) IN ADULTS. PAFMJ, 68(1), 149-53. Retrieved from https://www.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/1582
Section
Original Articles