MIDDLE EAR DISORDERS AMONG CLEFT LIP AND PALATE IN CHILDREN: A CONJOINT EXPOSITION

Authors

  • Saba Islam Nishtar Hospital, Multan Pakistan
  • Nazia Mumtaz Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Ghulam Saqulain Capital Hospital, Islamabad Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v1i1.3687

Keywords:

Cleft lip/palate, Developmental anomalies, Hearing loss, Middle ear disorders

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the frequency of middle ear disorders among the cleft lip and palate and association with hearing Loss.

Study Design: Cross Sectional analytical study.

Place and Duration of Study: Audiology Department of Cleft Hospital, Gujrat and ENT department of National Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Islamabad, from Oct 2018 to Mar 2019.

Methodology: We recruited a sample of 100 cleft lip and palate children of both genders, aged 3 month to 12 years, using nonprobability sampling. Screening was performed with otoscopy, tympanometry and hearing assessment.

Results: Out of sample population, 62% were males and 38% females with a mean age of 2.27 ± 2.73 years. The middle ear disorders were found to be 70%. Among these otitis media with effusion was the most common 43 (61.43%), followed by Acute otitis media 8 (11.43%) and Eustachian tube dysfunction 6 (8.57%). Tympanosclerosis and dry tympanic membrane perforation were the least common. Statistically significant association of hearing loss was found with the middle ear disorders (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Middle ear disorders especially otitis media with effusion are common in cleft lip/ palate children.

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Published

28-12-2021

Issue

Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Islam S, Mumtaz N, Saqulain G. MIDDLE EAR DISORDERS AMONG CLEFT LIP AND PALATE IN CHILDREN: A CONJOINT EXPOSITION. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 28 [cited 2024 Jun. 14];71(Suppl-3):S457-61. Available from: https://www.pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/3687