Comparison of Survival Analysis of COVID-19 Patients with Known Diabetes

Authors

  • Saira Bashir Department of Endocrinology, Federal Government Polyclinic Hospital, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Sarwar Malik Department of Endocrinology, Federal Government Polyclinic Hospital, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Gohar Khan Department of Endocrinology, Federal Government Polyclinic Hospital, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Fasih ul Islam Quality Enhancement Cell, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i4.7370

Keywords:

Association of COVID-19 and diabetes, Kaplan-meire survival analysis, Oxygen dependency in COVID-19, Survival rate in COVID-19

Abstract

Objective: To compare the survival rate of COVID-19 patients with diabetes versus without diabetes COVID-19 patients.

Study Design: Comparative, prospective study.

Place and Duration of Study: The patients were selected from the special ward established for COVID-19 patients came in Federal Government Polyclinic Hospital, Islamabad Pakistan, from Dec 2020 to May 2021.

Methodology: 50 without diabetes (control) and 50 with diabetes (study) confirm cases of COVID-19 patients, who fulfill the inclusion and exclusion criteria, were included in the study through consecutive sampling. Independent sample t test, chi square test and Kaplan-Meire survival analysis was used to compile the results.

Results: Out of 100 majority 75 patients were male. The average age of the patients was 52.08±14.85 years. Both the groups were equal with respect of gender with p-value >0.05. The average age of the patient was significantly higher in study group with p-value <0.001. Overall percentage of patients of oxygen dependency, mechanical ventilation required, and use of Angiotension receptor inhibitor were higher in study group as compared to the control group patients with p-value <0.001. The survival rate was lower in study group as compared to the control group but the difference was not significant with pvalue >0.05.

Conclusion: The COVID-19 patients with diabetes, need extra care and attention before and after infection in the current COVID-19 pandemic. They are at higher risk and with respect of prolong hospital stay due to severe attack of COVID-19 and also higher risk of mortality too.

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Published

31-08-2023

Issue

Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Bashir S, Malik S, Khan G, ul Islam F. Comparison of Survival Analysis of COVID-19 Patients with Known Diabetes. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 31 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];73(4):1054-9. Available from: https://www.pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/7370