EFFECT OF PLACE OF BIRTH, MODE OF TRANSPORT AND MEDICAL SKILLS OF THE ACCOMPANYING PERSON ON MORTALITY OF NEONATES

Mortality of Neonates

Authors

  • Shahid Mahmud Army Medical College Rawalpindi
  • Syed Awais Ul Hassan Shah Military Hospital Rawalpindi
  • Syed Qamar Zaman Military Hospital Rawalpindi
  • Salman Ali Army Medical College Rawalpindi

Keywords:

Mode of Transport, Neonatal Mortality, NICU, Place of Birth,, Skilled Medical Attendant.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the effect of place of birth, mode of transport and medical skills of the accompanying person on mortality of neonates.

Study Design: A descriptive study.

Place and Duration of Study: Military Hospital (MH), Rawalpindi from October 2011 to March 2012.

Patients and Method: One thousand two hundred and ninety three neonates of either gender under the age of 28 days admitted to NICU either as indoor or outdoor were entered in the study. Data included high risk obstetric factors, gestational age, birth weight, APGAR score, gender, need for resuscitation, diagnosis, complications, place of delivery, mode of delivery and outcome. The associations between the place of delivery, mode of delivery and medical skills of the accompanying person with the neonatal mortality were associated using the Pearson Chi-Square method.

Results: A total of 1293 neonates were included in the study and their data regarding place of delivery and mode of transport was evaluated. Four hundred and two (402/1293) cases died in our NICU and the mortality rate of the neonates admitted in our setup was 31.1%. The breakup of neonatal deaths was further subdivided into the patients born in health care with NICU facility (25%), those born in health care without NICU facility (33.60%) and those born in the community setting (40.54%). The aforementioned percentages were calculated out of the total live births in that particular setup and do not represent mere breakup of total mortality. A total of 50.32 % neonates brought to hospital in an unequipped vehicle expired versus 2.28% mortality of neonates that were brought in a medically equipped vehicle. The neonatal mortality rate in patients accompanied by unskilled personnel was 40% versus skilled personnel which was 1.62%. Statistically significant associations using Pearson Chi-Square method were seen between the place of delivery, mode of transport, the skills of the person accompanying the patient in the transport and neonatal mortality (p value = 0.001 each).

Conclusion: Results of this study prove that the quality of birth services and patient transport mechanisms directly affect the neonatal survival and babies who are born in community setting, transported in unequipped vehicle without a skilled medical attendant are at a higher risk for mortality than the patients born in NICU facility, transported in an equipped vehicle and accompanied by skilled medical attendant.

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Published

31-12-2015

Issue

Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Mahmud S, Shah SAUH, Zaman SQ, Ali S. EFFECT OF PLACE OF BIRTH, MODE OF TRANSPORT AND MEDICAL SKILLS OF THE ACCOMPANYING PERSON ON MORTALITY OF NEONATES: Mortality of Neonates. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2015 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 Jun. 15];65(6):793-7. Available from: https://www.pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/1171