EFFECT OF WOMEN EMPOWERMENT ON THEIR FERTILITY BEHAVIOUR

Women Empowerment

Authors

  • Samina Badar Quaid-e-Azam Medical College Bahawalpur
  • Shaheena Manzoor Institute of Public Health Lahore
  • Muhammad Anwar Chaudhary Higher Education Commission Islamabad
  • Misbah Shahid Services Hospital Lahore
  • Seema Yasmeen Quaid-e-Azam Medical College Bahawalpur
  • Saima Arshad Quaid-e-Azam Medical College Bahawalpur

Keywords:

Women empowerment, fertility

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to: (1) find out the association between women empowerment and number of children, (2) evaluate any association between women empowerment and use of contraceptives. 
Design: A cross sectional study. 
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in selected areas of Bahawalpur City. The data was collected from March to June 2003. 
Subjects and Methods: A total number of 872 households were selected by systematic random selection from upper, middle and lower class.  Data was collected from eligible respondent (currently married women of reproductive age group 15-49 year having at least one child of 3 years age) through a pre-designed questionnaire. Independent variable empowerment of women was calculated by giving score to education, occupation and autonomy at micro level.  Dependent variables (fertility and use of contraception) were assessed for significance by applying chi square test. 
Result: 41.9% high empowered women were in the opinion that birth of a male child did not provide security (p<.001). A strong positive association between level of empowerment and contraception use (p<.001). There is negative association between women empowerment and number of children (p<.001).
Conclusion: Efforts should be made to change the attitude of men that empowering woman is ultimately empowering the whole family.

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Published

30-06-2008

How to Cite

Badar, S., Manzoor, S., Chaudhary, M. A., Shahid, M., Yasmeen, S., & Arshad, S. (2008). EFFECT OF WOMEN EMPOWERMENT ON THEIR FERTILITY BEHAVIOUR: Women Empowerment. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 58(2), 159–163. Retrieved from https://www.pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/1766

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Original Articles

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