PREDICTORS OF MORTALITY WITHIN 8 WEEKS AFTER ENDOSCOPIC TREATMENT OF GASTRIC VARICEAL BLEED WITH N-BUTYL 2-CYANOACRYLATE IN CIRRHOTIC PATIENTS
Objective: To assess the predictors associated with mortality within 8 weeks in patients undergoing endoscopic N-butyl-2- cyanoacrylate treatment.
Study Design: Prospective comparative study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Gastroenterology, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore Pakistan, from Mar 2018 to Mar 2019.
Methodology: A total of 106 patients of gastric variceal bleed were enrolled in the study. Tissue glue was injected into the varix endoscopically and mortality within 8 weeks after endoscopic intervention was noted.
Results: Among the enrolled patients, 65 (61.3%) were male and 41(38.7%) were female. Mortality was noted in 19 (17.9%) patients within 8 weeks after endoscopic therapy. Chi-square analysis showed creatinine >1.5, Child Pugh score >9, MELD score >18, re-bleeding within 7 days, low blood pressure <90/60 at presentation and hepatic encephalopathy as significant predictors of mortality (p<0.005).
Conclusion: Cirrhotic patients undergoing endoscopic injection of gastric varix with N-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate after gastric variceal bleed have high risk of death within 8 weeks.